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The New Face of HIV/AIDS
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
The CDC estimates that more than one million people are living with HIV in the United states. One in five (21%) of those people living with HIV is unaware of their infection.
Despite increases in the total number of people living with HIV in the US in recent years, the annual number of new HIV infections has remained relatively stable. However, new infections continue at far too high a level, with an estimated 56,300 Americans becoming infected with HIV each year.
More than 18,000 people with AIDS still die each year in the US. Gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (MSM)† are strongly affected and represent the majority of persons who have died. Through 2007, more than 576,000 people with AIDS in the US have died since the epidemic began.
Who is infected? The changing face of HIV/AIDS
- Gay, Bisexual, and Other Men Who Have Sex with Men (MSM): By risk group, gay, bisexual, and other MSM of all races remain the population most severely affected by HIV.
- MSM account for more than half (53%) of all new HIV infections in the U.S. each year, as well as nearly half (48%) of people living with HIV.
- While CDC estimates that MSM account for just 4% of the US male population aged 13 and older, the rate of new HIV diagnoses among MSM in the US is more than 44 times that of other men and more than 40 times that of women.
- White MSM account for the largest number of annual new HIV infections of any group in the US, followed closely by black MSM.
- MSM is the only risk group in the U.S. in which new HIV infections have been increasing since the early 1990s.
- Heterosexuals and Injection Drug Users: Heterosexuals and injection drug users also continue to be affected by HIV.
- Individuals infected through heterosexual contact account for 31% of annual new HIV infections and 28% of people living with HIV.
- As a group, women account for 27% of annual new HIV infections and 25% of those living with HIV.
- Injection drug users represent 12% of annual new HIV infections and 19% of those living with HIV.
- Hispanics/Latinos: Hispanics/Latinos are also disproportionately impacted.
- Hispanics/Latinos represent 15% of the population but account for an estimated 17% of people living with HIV and 17% of new infections. HIV infections among Hispanics/Latinos overall have been roughly stable since the early 1990s.
- The rate of new HIV infections among Hispanic/Latino men is more than double that of white men and the rate among Hispanic/Latino women is nearly four times that of white women.